The Top 10 Supercomputers
1. SUMMIT, OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY (USA)
Today's most powerful supercomputer in the world is Summit, made for the US by IBM. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Department of Energy, Tennessee. Owing to its 2,41 million cores it occupies the equivalent of two basketball courts and achieves an impressive 148.6 petaflops. Summit is also the most energy-efficient machine in the top 10 of the supercomputers worldwide. Its mission is civil science research, and since it came into operation in 2018, it has already participated in projects such as the search for genetic variants in the disease-related population, the simulation of earthquakes in urban environments, the study of extreme climate phenomena, the study of materials on an atomic scale and the explosion of supernovae, among others.https://computing.llnl.gov/computers/sierra
2. SIERRA, LAWRENCE LIVERMORE NATIONAL LABORATORY (USA)
IBM is also responsible for Sierra, the second most powerful supercomputer on the list, which is located in Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California. Sierra manages 94.6 petaflops based on the Summit-like hardware. Like her older brother, Sierra is engaged in military science, actually simulating nuclear weapons instead of underground testing, and her studies are categorized as material.
3. SUNWAY TAIHULIGHT, NATIONAL SUPERCOMPUTING CENTRE (WUXI, CHINA)
In TaihuLight, a computer designed by the National Center for Engineering Research and Parallel Computing Technology and installed at the National Supercomputing Center in Wuxi, China was at the forefront of global supercomputing until Summit and Sierra came into operation in 2018. It lacks accelerator chips, in contrast to other machines of its caliber, so its 93 petaflops depend on its more than 10 million Chinese Sunway processors.
TaihuLight is in a way a product of the trade war between China and the US, since its construction has completely dispensed with US technology, in response to the restrictions imposed by the US. This supercomputer has participated in research such as the simulation of the birth and expansion of the universe using 10 billion digital particles.
4. TIANHE-2A, NATIONAL SUPERCOMPUTING CENTRE (GUANGZHOU, CHINA)
China also retains fourth place in the tianhe-2a or Milky Way 2a rankings, developed by the national defense technology university and equipped with Intel Xeon processors to reach 61.4 petaflops. The machine is used for government security-related computing, among others, according to its operators.https://www.tacc.utexas.edu/systems/frontera
5. FRONTIER, TEXAS ADVANCED COMPUTING CENTER, UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS (USA)
Thanks to frontera, a new system created by dell and equipped by intel, the advanced computing center at the university of Texas at Austin has entered the top 10 in global supercomputing. In September 2019 frontera was unveiled to the world as the fastest supercomputer in the world located in a university. Its 23.5 petaflops will be available to the scientific community, benefiting from its computational capacity, in particular in the fields of astrophysics, materials science, energy, genomics and natural disks modeling.
6. PIZ DAINT, SWISS NATIONAL SUPERCOMPUTING CENTRE
The most powerful machine in Europe ranks sixth on the list. Piz daint is a supercomputer named after a mountain in the Swiss national supercomputing center in Lugano, whose image is displayed on its house. It is an update of a system built by American company cray, created by Seymour cray, the father of supercomputing and responsible for several of the most powerful machines in the world. The Intel and nvidia processors give it a petaflop speed of 21.2. Piz daint engages in extensive research in the fields of materials science, physics, geophysics, life sciences, climate science and data science.
7. TRINITY, LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL LABORATORY (USA)
Trinity, the Los Alamos national laboratory and sandia national laboratory system, which can reach nearly 20.2 petaflops is also a product of the cray company. This machine, which inherited its name from the first US nuclear test in 1945, is devoted primarily to calculations relating to nuclear weapons.
8. AI BRIDGING CLOUD INFRASTRUCTURE (ABCI), NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ADVANCED INDUSTRIAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (JAPAN)
Abci's 19.9 petaflops, a fujitsu-built system that belongs to Japan’s national institute of advanced industrial science and technology, put this machine eighth in the ranking. His energy efficiency is one of its most striking features, a parameter in which he scores just below summit. The goal of ABCI is to serve Japanese companies and research groups as a cloud-based artificial intelligence resource available.
9. SUPERMUC-NG, LEIBNIZ RECHENZENTRUM (GERMANY)
The new generation supercomputer supermuc officially entered operation at the Leibniz supercomputing center in garching, near munich (Germany) in 2018. Built by Lenovo with enterprise technology and Intel, the European Union’s most powerful supercomputer achieves a processing speed of 19.5 petaflops.
10. LASSEN, LAWRENCE LIVERMORE NATIONAL LABORATORY (USA)
The top 10 closes with Lassen, a little brother of sierra at Lawrence Livermore national laboratory, built with the same architecture by IBM. Its recent improvements have increased its petaflop speed to 18.2. Unlike her brother, Lassen devotes himself to unclassified research.